Removal of Emulsified Oil with ADsorb-it®

Stubborn emulsions where oil has become dispersed are one of the most challenging filtration problems for industrial waste water. In an emulsion, oil is partially dissolved, consequently, most sorbents and filtration products are completely ineffective.

Method Testing was performed using a laboratory prepared stock solution of 5 ml of motor oil and 5 ml of diesel fuel to 200 ml of water. 10 ml of a citrus-based degreaser was added to the solution and vigorously agitated creating a known emulsion.

Three separate concentrations of stock solution were created and tested:

  • Low – 1.0 ml of stock solution to 1.0 liter of water
  • Medium – 10 ml of stock solution to 1.0 liter of water
  • High – 100 ml of stock solution to 1.0 liter of water

A 15 cm by 6 cm filter housing was used and filled with 20 grams of the bulk ADsorb-it® filtration media. The ADsorb-it® was wetted prior to the commencement of the test. The test solution was run through the ADsorb-it® at a rate of 500 ml per minute and the first filtrate was discarded. An additional portion of the test solution was run through the ADsorb-it® and collected for analysis. Filtered and unfiltered test solutions were sampled by USEPA Method 418 (USEPA Method 418 measures petroleum hydrocarbons as well as fats in soaps).

The samples were extracted and a silica gel cleanup was performed to remove the fatty acids and soaps from the samples allowing accurate measurement of the motor oil and diesel components.

Results of analytical chemistry are presented in the table below.

Results

Sample

Result Unfiltered
Result Filtered with ADsorb-it®
% Oil Removed
by
ADsorb-it®
Low Level
24 ppm
3.2 ppm
87%
Med Level
140 ppm
7 ppm
95%
High Level
960 ppm
24 ppm
97%

Conclusions

At the medium and high levels ADsorb-it® removed greater than 90 percent of the oil. Competing products that remove floating oil have generally proven ineffective with partially dissolved or emulsified oil.

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